Hypertension 

Which of the following are common kidney function tests?
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
Creatinine
Glucose
Sodium
Potassium
Which class of medications is commonly used to treat hypertension?
ACE inhibitors
Beta adrenergic blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Bile acid sequestrants
Which of the following parameters should be monitored in a patient with hypertension?
Blood pressure
Heart rate
Respiratory rate
Oxygen saturation
Urine output
What is the recommended sodium intake for individuals following the DASH diet?
Less than 1000 mg/day
Less than 1500 mg/day
Less than 2000 mg/day
Less than 2500 mg/day
Which of the following medications can increase potassium levels in the body?
ACE inhibitors
Beta adrenergic blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Bile acid sequestrants
Potassium-sparing diuretics
What is the normal range for Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) levels?
5-15 mg/dL
20-30 mg/dL
40-50 mg/dL
60-70 mg/dL
Which class of medications blocks the action of beta-adrenergic receptors and reduces heart rate and blood pressure?
ACE inhibitors
Beta adrenergic blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Bile acid sequestrants
Which class of medications inhibits the entry of calcium into smooth muscle cells, resulting in vasodilation and decreased blood pressure?
ACE inhibitors
Beta adrenergic blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Bile acid sequestrants
What is the primary function of bile acid sequestrants in the treatment of cardiac patients?
Lowering cholesterol levels
Reducing blood glucose levels
Increasing urine output
Decreasing sodium reabsorption
What is the normal range for potassium levels in the blood?
2.5-3.5 mEq/L
3.5-4.5 mEq/L
4.5-5.5 mEq/L
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
Which class of medications is NOT commonly used to treat high blood pressure?
ACE inhibitors
Beta adrenergic blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Bile acid sequestrants
What is the primary function of ACE inhibitors in the treatment of hypertension?
Reducing heart rate
Increasing urine output
Inhibiting the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II
Decreasing sodium reabsorption
What is the recommended dietary approach for individuals with hypertension?
Mediterranean diet
DASH diet
Ketogenic diet
Vegan diet
What is the normal range for mean arterial pressure (MAP)?
60-70 mmHg
80-90 mmHg
70-80 mmHg
90-100 mmHg
Which of the following parameters should be monitored in a patient with hypertension?
Blood pressure
Heart rate
Respiratory rate
Oxygen saturation
Urine output
What is the primary function of bile acid sequestrants in the treatment of hypertension?
Lowering cholesterol levels
Reducing blood glucose levels
Increasing urine output
Decreasing sodium reabsorption
Which class of medications blocks the action of beta-adrenergic receptors and reduces heart rate and blood pressure?
ACE inhibitors
Beta adrenergic blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Bile acid sequestrants
What is the recommended sodium intake for individuals following the DASH diet?
Less than 1000 mg/day
Less than 1500 mg/day
Less than 2000 mg/day
Less than 2500 mg/day
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